Implementing Green Supply Chain Management in Electronics Industry- Embargoes’
The emergence of green supply chain management (GSCM) is abuzz now-a-days and it started to take attention about a couple of decades ago, and now researchers further discover the knowledge’s in this field. When researchers paid attention to the environmental concerns, the concept of the green supply chain was developed. The coordination of environmental, economic and social facets has been at the sustainable condition in today’s management because of the successful implementation of the green supply chain. This has mainly led to the overall sustainability of an organization. Because of that, the Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) has received great attention in the last decade and has naked huge opportunities for research in this area. The present supplier management mainly gives attention often to the end product producer, its direct suppliers and gives main attention to the relationship between local companies. Building competitive advantage and environmental risk management are two major motivations for the companies to implement GSCM. Suppliers as an important stakeholder for a local company. Upstream supply chain members are accountable for poor environmental performance. To hold companies, environmental and social concerns have caused increasing numbers of NGOs and consumer. Assessment and collaboration are the two main facets of GSCM. This is found from traditional green supplier management. Information gathering is the main way to assess and monitor suppliers’ environmental management and performance. Environmental performance improvement can be gained by the joint collaborative activities between companies and their suppliers’. Companies employ GSCM assessment and collaboration practices now-a-days for improvement. Companies can adopt collaborative practices when the direct relationship is established with sub-suppliers to help improve environmental performance. GSCM practices are difficult to implement. Many difficulties may arise when companies approach their first tier and second-tier. To reduce the negative impact on total cost and environmental performance, companies should explore the enablers to improve environmental performance. Researchers provided various approaches to implement GSCM practices, like “direct” (a focal company has direct access to sub-suppliers), “indirect” (a focal company uses its first-tier suppliers to manage sub-suppliers) and “working with third parties”. Working with third parties means a company works with third parties like NGOs to manage sub-suppliers. Apple, Toyota, Dell, IBM and Honda never completely relinquish decisions about a product’s components to top-tier suppliers and they often adopted the “direct” approach. Few factors are the key drivers for not implementing GSCM in Bangladesh consumer electronics industry like; waste disposal norm, top management commitment, competencies’ for greener product & process, govt. regulation & standards & so on.